What is psoriasis?
Nowadays, psoriasis is by far one of the most intractable non-communicable diseases. It manifests itself in the form of peeling and itching of the skin, putting the sufferer to a lot of troubles and causing constant discomfort. How do we deal with such illness?
This disease can occur in people of different age groups, but younger people are especially susceptible to this disease. According to the open statistics, the disease affects at least 4% of the people that inhabit our planet.
Once the first symptoms of psoriasis are detected, you should immediately consult a dermatologist. The manifestations of the disease include itchy pimples and peeling of the skin on knees, elbows, and scalp. Sometimes the disease affects nails as well.
What body parts does psoriasis usually affect?
Most often this illness affects scalp. Initially, pink and itchy red spots appear on it. When you try to get rid of the furfur, blood will appear. Over time, the spots stiffen and grow, while the hair growth slows.
A less common form of the disease is nail psoriasis. At the initial stages, it resembles an ordinary fungus, and nails become extremely sensitive. It is important to consult a specialist so the inflammatory process did not become more severe.
Psoriasis can be seasonal (summer and winter) and uncertain. Thus, winter psoriasis exacerbation is observed in the months of this season.
The cause of the disease is often an abnormal reaction of the human body to stimuli from the environment, which leads to necrosis of the top layer of skin.
What are the causes of the disease?
In most cases, the disease is hereditary, and its manifestation is due to many factors, the main of which is decrease in the immunity, endocrine and neurological disorders, and metabolic disorder. It is important to remember that the infection is not contagious.
In identifying the disease at an early stage, doctors prescribe preventive medications aimed at increasing the immune system and healing of the skin. If the illness is detected at a later stage, cryotherapy (chill effect on the affected areas and blood purification) or UV therapy (solarium and receiving of special medication) is ordered as its treatment.
Patients should avoid any damage to the skin and avoid injury when cutting the nails. It is necessary to refuse alcohol and tobacco products, as well as to try to avoid stress and nerve strain, which cause a decrease in the immunity.
Unfortunately, psoriasis cannot be cured completely, so its symptoms may periodically return throughout life.
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